Goldman School of Public Policy - University of California, Berkeley

Jack Glaser

Professor of Public Policy

Areas of Expertise

  • Political Psychology
  • Stereotyping, Prejudice & Discrimination
  • Research Methods
  • Social Psychology
  • Hate Crime
  • Unconscious Social Cognition
  • Racial Profiling
  • Policing

Biography

Jack Glaser received his Ph.D. in psychology from Yale University in 1999 and joined the faculty of the Goldman School in 2000. He is a social psychologist whose primary research interest is in stereotyping, prejudice, and discrimination. He studies these intergroup biases at multiple levels of analysis. For example, he investigates the unconscious operation of stereotypes and prejudice using computerized reaction time methods, and is investigating the implications of such subtle forms of bias in law enforcement. In particular, he is interested in racial profiling, especially as it relates to the psychology of stereotyping, and the self-fulfilling effects of such stereotype-based discrimination. Additionally, Professor Glaser has conducted research on a very extreme manifestation of intergroup bias - hate crime - and has carried out analyses of historical data as well as racist rhetoric on the Internet to challenge assumptions about economic predictors of intergroup violence. Another area of interest is in electoral politics and political ideology, specifically the role of emotion (as experienced and expressed) in politics. Professor Glaser is working with the Center for Policing Equity as one of the principal investigators on a National Science Foundation- and Google-funded project to build a National Justice Database of police stops and use of force incidents.

Other Affiliations

  • UC Berkeley Department of Psychology
  • Center for Policing Equity
  • Center for the Study of Law & Society, UC Berkeley
  • Institute of Personality and Social Research, UC Berkeley

Websites

Curriculum Vitae

Download a PDF (150KB, updated 09-21-2016)

Current Projects

Selected Publications

  • Possibility of Death Sentence Has Divergent Effect on Verdict for Black and White Defendants

    Glaser, J., Martin, K.D, & Kahn, K.B. (2015). Possibility of death sentence has divergent effect on verdicts for Black and White defendants. Law & Human Behavior.

    Download PDF (173KB)

  • Suspect Race: Causes and Consequences of Racial Profiling

    Glaser, J. (2014).  Suspect Race: Causes and Consequences of Racial Profiling.  New York: Oxford University Press.

    Have a look! (4KB)

  • Race Bias and Public Policy

    Glaser, J., Spencer, K.B., & Charbonneau, A. (2014). Racial bias and public policy. Policy Insights from Behavioral and Brain Sciences, 1, 88-94.

    Glaser, Spencer, & Charbonneau (2014) (302KB)

  • How and Why Implicit Attitudes Should Affect Voting

    Glaser, J., & Finn, C. (2013). How and why implicit attitudes should affect voting.  PS: Political Science and Politics, 46, 537-544.

    Download a PDF (114KB)

  • Reverse Deterrence in Racial Profiling: Increased Transgressions by Non-profiled Whites

    Hackney, A., & Glaser, J. (2013). Reverse deterrence in racial profiling: Increased transgressions by non-profiled Whites. Law & Human Behavior, 37, 348-353.

    A controlled experiment tested the possibility that racial profiling— disproportionate scrutiny of a minority racial group by sanctioned authorities—would have a “reverse deterrent” effect on the illicit behavior of members of a nonprofiled majority group. Research participants given a task involving extremely difficult anagrams were given the opportunity to cheat. White participants randomly assigned to a condition in which two Black confederates were obtrusively singled out for scrutiny by the study administrator cheated more than Whites in a White-profiling condition and a no-profiling control condition, and more than Black participants in all three conditions. Black participants cheated at comparable levels across the three experimental conditions. The effect of the profiling of Blacks was consequently a net increase in cheating. The results indicate that racial profiling may be counterproductive.

    Download a PDF (177KB)

  • The Indefensible Problems with Racial Profiling

    Martin, K.D., & Glaser, J. (2012). The indefensible problems with racial profiling. In J. Gans (Ed.), Society and Culture: Debates on Immigration. Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage.

    Download a PDF (581KB)

  • Voter Affect and the 2008 U.S. Presidential Election:  Hope and Race Really Mattered

    Finn, C., & Glaser, J. (2010).  Voter affect and the 2008 U.S. presidential election:  Hope and race really mattered.  Analyses of Social Issues and Public Policy.

    Download a PDF (471KB)

  • The existence of implicit bias is beyond reasonable doubt: A refutation of ideological and methodological objections and executive summary of ten studies that no manager should ignore

    Jost, J.T., Rudman, L., Blair, I.V., Carney, D.R., Dasgupta, N., Glaser, J., & Hardin, C. (2009). The existence of implicit bias is beyond reasonable doubt:  A refutation of ideological and methodological objections and executive summary of ten studies that no manager should ignore. Research in Organizational Behavior, 29, 39-69.

    In this article, we respond at length to recent critiques of research on implicit bias, especially studies using the Implicit
    Association Test (IAT). Tetlock and Mitchell (2009) claim that ‘‘there is no evidence that the IAT reliably predicts class-wide
    discrimination on tangible outcomes in any setting,’’ accuse their colleagues of violating ‘‘the injunction to separate factual from
    value judgments,’’ adhering blindly to a ‘‘statist interventionist’’ ideology, and of conducting a witch-hunt against implicit racists,
    sexists, and others. These and other charges are specious. Far from making ‘‘extraordinary claims’’ that ‘‘require extraordinary
    evidence,’’ researchers have identified the existence and consequences of implicit bias through well-established methods based
    upon principles of cognitive psychology that have been developed in nearly a century’s worth of work. We challenge the blanket
    skepticism and organizational complacency advocated by Tetlock and Mitchell and summarize 10 recent studies that no manager
    (or managerial researcher) should ignore. These studies reveal that students, nurses, doctors, police officers, employment recruiters,
    and many others exhibit implicit biases with respect to race, ethnicity, nationality, gender, social status, and other distinctions.
    Furthermore—and contrary to the emphatic assertions of the critics—participants’ implicit associations do predict socially and
    organizationally significant behaviors, including employment, medical, and voting decisions made by working adults.
    # 2009 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

    Download a PDF (442KB)

  • Implicit Motivation to Control Prejudice

    Glaser, J., & Knowles, E.D. (2008). Implicit motivation to control prejudice.  Journal of Experimental Social Psychology, 44, 164-172.

    This research examines whether spontaneous, unintentional discriminatory behavior can be moderated by an implicit (nonconscious) motivation to control prejudice. We operationalize implicit motivation to control prejudice (IMCP) in terms of an implicit negative attitude toward prejudice (NAP) and an implicit belief that oneself is prejudiced (BOP). In the present experiment, an implicit stereotypic association of Blacks (vs. Whites) with weapons was positively correlated with the tendency to “shoot” armed Black men faster than armed White men (the “Shooter Bias”) in a computer simulation. However, participants relatively high in implicit negative attitude toward prejudice showed no relation between the race-weapons stereotype and the shooter bias. Implicit belief that oneself is prejudiced had no direct eVect on this relation, but the interaction of NAP and BOP did. Participants who had a strong association between self and prejudice (high BOP) but a weak association between prejudice and bad (low NAP) showed the strongest relation between the implicit race-weapons stereotype and the Shooter Bias, suggesting that these individuals freely employed their stereotypes in their behavior.

    Download a PDF (284KB)

  • Implicit motivation to control prejudice moderates the effect of cognitive depletion on unintended

    Park, S.H., Glaser, J., & Knowles, E.D. (2008). Implicit motivation to control prejudice moderates the effect of cognitive depletion on unintended discrimination. Social Cognition, 26, 379-398.

    The role of Implicit motivation to Control prejudice (ImCp) in moderating
    the effect of resource depletion on spontaneous discriminatory behavior
    was examined. Cognitive resource depletion was manipulated by having
    participants solve either difficult or easy anagrams. A “Shooter Task” measuring unintended racial discriminatory behavior followed. participants
    then reported their subjective experiences in the task. Finally, ImCp and
    an implicit race-weapons stereotype were measured, both using Go/no-go
    Association Tasks (GnATs). ImCp moderated the effect of depletion on discriminatory behavior: depletion resulted in more racial bias in the Shooter
    Task only for those who scored low in our measure of ImCp, while high
    ImCp participants performed comparably in both the low and high depletion conditions.

    Download a PDF (632KB)

  • The Efficacy and Effect of Racial Profiling: A Mathematical Simulation Approach

    Glaser, J. (2006). The efficacy and effect of racial profiling: A mathematical simulation approach. Journal of Policy Analysis and Management, 25, 395-416.

    Download a PDF (273KB)

  • Political conservatism as motivated social cognition

    Jost, J. T., Glaser, J., Sulloway, F., & Kruglanski, A.W. (2003).  Political conservatism as motivated social cognition. Psychological Bulletin, 129, 339-375.

    Analyzing political conservatism as motivated social cognition integrates theories of personality (authoritarianism, dogmatism–intolerance of ambiguity), epistemic and existential needs (for closure,
    regulatory focus, terror management), and ideological rationalization (social dominance, system justification). A meta-analysis (88 samples, 12 countries, 22,818 cases) confirms that several psychological
    variables predict political conservatism: death anxiety (weighted mean r  .50); system instability (.47);
    dogmatism–intolerance of ambiguity (.34); openness to experience (–.32); uncertainty tolerance (–.27);
    needs for order, structure, and closure (.26); integrative complexity (–.20); fear of threat and loss (.18);
    and self-esteem (–.09). The core ideology of conservatism stresses resistance to change and justification
    of inequality and is motivated by needs that vary situationally and dispositionally to manage uncertainty
    and threat.

    Download a PDF (630KB)

  • Studying hate crime with the Internet: What makes racists advocate racial violence

    Glaser, J., Dixit, S., & Green, D. P. (2002). Studying hate crime with the Internet: What makes racists advocate racial violence. Journal of Social Issues, 58, 177-193.

    We conducted semistructured interviews with 38 participants in White racist Internet chat rooms, examining the extent to which people would, in this unique environment, advocate interracial violence in response to purported economic and cultural threats. Capitalizing on the anonymity and candor of chat room interactions, this study provides an unusual perspective on extremist attitudes. We experimentally manipulated the nature and proximity of the threats. Qualitative and quantitative analyses indicate that the respondents were most threatened by interracial marriage and, to a lesser extent, Blacks moving into White neighborhoods. In contrast, job competition posed by Blacks evoked very little advocacy of violence. The study affords an assessment of the advantages and limitations of Internet-based research with clandestine populations.

    Download a PDF (67KB)

  • When Fair is Foul and Foul is Fair: Reverse Priming in Automatic Evaluation

    Glaser, J. & Banaji, M.R. (1999). When fair is foul and foul is fair: Reverse priming in automatic evaluation. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 77, 669-687.

    Download a PDF (3MB)

  • Affect in Electoral Politics

    Glaser, J. & Salovey, P. (1998).  Affect in electoral politics. Personality and Social Psychology Review, 2, 156-172.

    Download a PDF (2MB)

  • From Lynching to Gay-bashing: The Elusive Connection between Economic Conditions and Hate Crime

    Green, D.P., Glaser, J., & Rich, A. (1998).  From lynching to gay-bashing:  The elusive connection between economic conditions and hate crime. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 75, 82-92.

    Download a PDF (1MB)

Surreal Politics: How Anxiety About Race, Gender and Inequality is Shaping the Presidential Campaign

Surreal Politics: How Anxiety About Race, Gender and Inequality is Shaping the Presidential Campaign

Sarah Anzia, Henry E. Brady, Jack Glaser, Jonathan Stein, Maria Echaveste (Moderator)

Date: October 5, 2016 Duration: 56 minutes

Suspect Race: Causes & Consequences of Racial Profiling

Suspect Race: Causes & Consequences of Racial Profiling

Jack Glaser, Paul Figueroa, Henry E. Brady

Date: February 2, 2015 Duration: 54 minutes

New Book: Suspect Race

Suspect Race: Causes and Consequences of Racial Profiling released December 5, 2014

 

 

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