Selected Publications

  • How Improved Natural Resource Management in Agriculture Promotes the Livestock Economy in the Sahel

    Dutilly-Diane, Celine, Elisabeth Sadoulet and Alain de Janvry. "How Improved Natural Resource Management in Agriculture Promotes the Livestock Economy in the Sahel" Journal of African Economies, 2003(12): 343-370.

    Improved water harvesting and soil erosion control using the remarkably simple practice of contour stone bunding is shown to increase grain yields by 41% in low rainfall regions of Burkina Faso. Empirical results show that yield increases in food crops help foodbuying farm households import substitute in food consumption, reduce livestock production, and increase seasonal migration which is more compatible with seasonal agriculture than with the yearlong livestock activity. Self-sufficient households, by contrast, can take advantage of higher yields to free resources from food production and allocate these to expand their livestock economy, thus benefiting more from the region’s comparative advantage. We also show that greater effectiveness in cooperation in the management of common property resources helps increase income derived from livestock for all categories of households. However, not all forms of cooperation are effective. When cooperation is only formal, individual activities such as crops, non-agricultural employment, and seasonal migration are pursued as opposed to livestock activities that rely on effective community management of common property resources.

  • Shakespeare, Einstein, and the Bottom Line: The Marketing of Higher Education

    Kirp, David L. Shakespeare, Einstein, and the Bottom Line: The Marketing of Higher Education. Cambridge, MA: Harvard UP, 2003.

  • Re-Crafting Rights over Common Property Resources in Mexico

    Munoz-Pina Carlos, Alain de Janvry, and Elisabeth Sadoulet. "Re-Crafting Rights over Common Property Resources in Mexico" Economic Development and Cultural Change, 2 (1): 129-158 (2003).

  • A Regional Approach to Setting Research Priorities and Implementation: Towards Satisfying National,

    Janssen, Willem, Amir Kassam, and Alain de Janvry. 2003. "A Regional Approach to Setting Research Priorities and Implementation: Towards Satisfying National, regional, and Global Concerns". Journal of Agricultural and Food Information 5(2): 67-100.

    Regionalization of agricultural research across countries has received considerable attention in recent years, with the establishment of regional and sub-regional organizations in most regions. Recently, the CGIAR System has called for a regional approach to research involving bottom-up priority-setting and implementation, and integrating this with global priority-setting. This paper explores the possibility of developing an approach for research priority-setting that would satisfy national, regional and global expectations of regionalization and allow the regional and sub-regional organizations to assume a bigger role. The paper also considers how the CGIAR Centres may support this priority-setting process and how they may use it to define their regional activities. A review of existing regional research initiatives show the many models in use, with different extents of collaboration, and with different challenges and promises. Regional priorities can strengthen the relevance of agricultural research in a region or sub-region. A description of a relatively generic approach to establishing regional priorities is presented. Different research organizations that are present in a region can use the research priorities to enable their work, and it is possible for CGIAR Centres to participate in the regional agenda while respecting the global nature of the CGIAR System. The integration of regional priorities into the CGIAR global research agenda is an area where there is little experience in the CGIAR System. The challenge for the CGIAR is to determine how to maintain a global focus in its agenda while promoting a coordinated regional approach to research planning and implementation. Priority-setting in the CGIAR will become even more of an ongoing process while the bottom-up regional approach to research planning, priority-setting and implementation is established in all regions.

  • Limited Rationality and the Limits of Supply Reduction

    Caulkins, J., & MacCoun, R. (2003). Limited rationality and the limits of supply reduction. Journal of Drug Issues, 33, 433-464.

    Drug markets have been targeted for increasingly tough enforcement yet retail prices for cocaine and heroin fell by 70-80%.  No research has explained adequately why prices have fallen.  This paper explores the possibility that part of the explanation may lie in the failure of drug dealers to respond to risks the way the simplest rational actor models might predict.

  • Agricultural Biotechnology and Poverty: Can the Potential be Made a Reality

    de Janvry, Alain, Gregory Graff, Elisabeth Sadoulet, and David Zilberman. "Agricultural Biotechnology and Poverty: Can the Potential be Made a Reality" FAO Policy Division book, 2003.

  • Policy Intervention

    Scheffler, R., M. Durham, T. McGuire, and K.B. Wells. “Policy Intervention.” Mental Health Services Research 4.4 (Dec. 2002): 215-222.

    This paper addresses market failure due to externalities, as well as information asymmetries and public policy problems that need to be solved to ensure high quality care for affective disorders. We delineate the problems in parity legislation, managed care, as well as Medicare and Medicaid that need to be addressed to reduce the burden of illness affective disorders. A research agenda is developed for formulating and implementing public policy.

  • Studying hate crime with the Internet: What makes racists advocate racial violence

    Glaser, J., Dixit, S., & Green, D. P. (2002). Studying hate crime with the Internet: What makes racists advocate racial violence. Journal of Social Issues, 58, 177-193.

    We conducted semistructured interviews with 38 participants in White racist Internet chat rooms, examining the extent to which people would, in this unique environment, advocate interracial violence in response to purported economic and cultural threats. Capitalizing on the anonymity and candor of chat room interactions, this study provides an unusual perspective on extremist attitudes. We experimentally manipulated the nature and proximity of the threats. Qualitative and quantitative analyses indicate that the respondents were most threatened by interracial marriage and, to a lesser extent, Blacks moving into White neighborhoods. In contrast, job competition posed by Blacks evoked very little advocacy of violence. The study affords an assessment of the advantages and limitations of Internet-based research with clandestine populations.