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Selected Publications

  • Progress in the Modeling of Rural Households’ Behavior under Market Failures

    Alain de Janvry and Elisabeth Sadoulet. “Progress in the Modeling of Rural Households' Behavior under Market Failures.” June 2003, in Alain de Janvry and Ravi Kanbur (ed.) Poverty, Inequality and Development. Essays in Honor of Erik Thorbecke, Kluwer publishing

  • Globalization and Health Economics

    Scheffler, R.Globalization and Health Economics.” Web exclusive: The World Bank – Viewpoints http://www.worldbank.org (June 2003).

    This paper reviews the current status of the global pharmaceutical industry and its research and development focus in the context of the health care needs of the developing world. It will consider the attempts to improve access to critical drugs and vaccines, and increase the research effort directed at key public health priorities in the developing world. In particular, it will consider prospects for public-private collaboration. The challenges and opportunities in such public-private partnerships will be discussed briefly along with a look at factors that may be key to success. Much of the focus is on HIV/AIDS where the debate on the optimal balance between intellectual property rights (IPR) and human rights to life and health has been very public and emotive.

  • Political conservatism as motivated social cognition

    Jost, J. T., Glaser, J., Sulloway, F., & Kruglanski, A.W. (2003).  Political conservatism as motivated social cognition. Psychological Bulletin, 129, 339-375.

    Analyzing political conservatism as motivated social cognition integrates theories of personality (authoritarianism, dogmatism–intolerance of ambiguity), epistemic and existential needs (for closure,
    regulatory focus, terror management), and ideological rationalization (social dominance, system justification). A meta-analysis (88 samples, 12 countries, 22,818 cases) confirms that several psychological
    variables predict political conservatism: death anxiety (weighted mean r  .50); system instability (.47);
    dogmatism–intolerance of ambiguity (.34); openness to experience (–.32); uncertainty tolerance (–.27);
    needs for order, structure, and closure (.26); integrative complexity (–.20); fear of threat and loss (.18);
    and self-esteem (–.09). The core ideology of conservatism stresses resistance to change and justification
    of inequality and is motivated by needs that vary situationally and dispositionally to manage uncertainty
    and threat.

  • Comments on Chaloupka, Emery, and Laing

    MacCoun, R. J. (2003). Comments on Chaloupka, Emery, and Laing. In R. Vuchinich & N. Heather (eds.), Choice, behavioural economics and addiction. Oxford UK: Elsevier Science.

  • Some Evidence on Race, Welfare Reform and Household Income

    “Some Evidence on Race, Welfare Reform and Household Income,” American Economic Review, Volume 93, Number 2, pp. 293-298, May 2003 (with Marianne Bitler and Jonah Gelbach).

  • Contingent Valuation and Lost Passive Use: Damages from the Exxon Valdez Oil Spill

    Carson, R.T., et al. 2003.  “Contingent Valuation and Lost Passive Use: Damage from the Exxon Valdez Oil Spill,”  Environmental and Resource Economics 25: 257-286.

    We report on the results of a large-scale contingent valuation (CV) study conducted after
    the Exxon Valdez oil spill to assess the harm caused by it. Among the issues considered are the design
    features of the CV survey, its administration to a national sample of U.S. households, estimation of
    household willingness to pay to prevent another Exxon Valdez type oil spill, and issues related to
    reliability and validity of the estimates obtained. Events influenced by the study's release are also
    briefly discussed.

  • Shakespeare, Einstein, and the Bottom Line: The Marketing of Higher Education

    Kirp, David L. Shakespeare, Einstein, and the Bottom Line: The Marketing of Higher Education. Cambridge, MA: Harvard UP, 2003.

  • How Improved Natural Resource Management in Agriculture Promotes the Livestock Economy in the Sahel

    Dutilly-Diane, Celine, Elisabeth Sadoulet and Alain de Janvry. “How Improved Natural Resource Management in Agriculture Promotes the Livestock Economy in the Sahel” Journal of African Economies, 2003(12): 343-370.

    Improved water harvesting and soil erosion control using the remarkably simple practice of contour stone bunding is shown to increase grain yields by 41% in low rainfall regions of Burkina Faso. Empirical results show that yield increases in food crops help foodbuying farm households import substitute in food consumption, reduce livestock production, and increase seasonal migration which is more compatible with seasonal agriculture than with the yearlong livestock activity. Self-sufficient households, by contrast, can take advantage of higher yields to free resources from food production and allocate these to expand their livestock economy, thus benefiting more from the region’s comparative advantage. We also show that greater effectiveness in cooperation in the management of common property resources helps increase income derived from livestock for all categories of households. However, not all forms of cooperation are effective. When cooperation is only formal, individual activities such as crops, non-agricultural employment, and seasonal migration are pursued as opposed to livestock activities that rely on effective community management of common property resources.